Horizontal Action (HA) ‘Climate’ aimed at reducing and managing the risks of climate change in the Baltic Sea region.

To make the Baltic Sea region more resilient to the effects of climate change, macro-regional approaches to low-emission development were considered essential. Additionally, climate change adaptation would help reduce climate change impacts and contribute to the well-being of the population and the security of assets.

HA Climate was coordinated by Council of the Baltic Sea States Secreatariat.





  1. Low-emission development
  2. Climate change adaptation



As the main outcome of the activities of HA Climate, transnational cooperation in the Baltic Sea Region on climate change became a continuous priority on a high-level political agenda, and major stakeholders became engaged and active in the policy dialogue. Moreover, the eight EU Member States in the region, as well as Russia, all adopted National Climate Adaptation Strategies.

HA Climate furthered the gradual mainstreaming of climate mitigation and adaptation into the Policy Areas of the EUSBSR. A series of joint meetings with Policy Areas yielded higher awareness on climate change and new opportunities for increasing the climate resilience of the region. Cooperation with PA Bioeconomy promoted low-carbon, circular and blue economy initiatives. Together with PA Secure, HA Climate furthered the development of the capacity of local governments to address long-term climate risks. With the support of HA Climate, PA Energy became an active promoter of renewable energy resources and engaged various stakeholders to implement EU energy efficiency goals. PA Transport, in turn, cooperated with HA Climate to develop activities to further the transition towards climate-neutral transport.

By following developments and discussions on EU and international levels, as well as by initiating and facilitating discussion themselves, HA Climate was able to determine that, in order to best support the achievement of EU climate and energy objectives, the focus of the Baltic Sea Region cooperation on climate change should be on the areas where national efforts and progress have been lacking and where there is insufficient capacity to implement new policy requirements.