EUSBSR History

Policy Area (PA) ‘Bioeconomy’ aimed at reinforcing sustainability of agriculture, forestry and fisheries by promoting an integrated approach.

The integrated bioeconomy approach aimed at incorporating economic, social and environmental aspects of sustainability in agriculture, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture. While addressing complex and inter-connected challenges, the bioeconomy approach was to support environmental sustainability, innovation and entrepreneurship, and consequently, competitiveness and growth.

PA Bioeconomy was coordinated by Finland, Lithuania (rural development), Sweden (fisheries) and Nordic Council of MInisters (bio-economy).



  • Improved recycling of nutrients in agriculture.
  • Added value through cooperation within Baltic fisheries and aquaculture.
  • Synergies from cooperation between the Rural Development Programmes.
  • Involvement of the business community, increase knowledge on sustainable forest management.
  • Cooperation: increased coordination and synergy in the Baltic Sea region among public sector and NGO cooperation initiatives, projects and stakeholders dealing with bioeconomy.
  • Realizing the bioeconomy in the Baltic Sea region: development of a sustainable bioeconomy in the Baltic Sea region.
  • Contributions to the development of the European Bioeconomy: Baltic Sea region participation in wider EU efforts and projects to realise the bioeconomy.



  1. Pursuing the bioeconomy actually and practically
  2. Improving policy coherence and policy learning in bioeconomy
  3. Engaging the private sector in the bioeconomy
  4. Develop sustainable strategies for wood
  5. Enhance the combined effects of the rural development programmes
  6. Develop and improve coordination and cooperation among Member States and stakeholders on fisheries management in the Baltic Sea
  7. Enhance the combined effects of the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) programmes
  8. Recycling of nutrients from agriculture