EUSBSR History



Policy Area (PA) ‘Nutri’ aimed at reducing nutrient inputs to the sea to acceptable levels.

Of the many environmental challenges facing the Baltic Sea, the continuing eutrophication caused by excessive nutrient inputs has been deemed the most serious. The impacts of eutrophication include oxygen depletion, reduced water clarity, an increase in filamentous algae, summer blooms of cyanobacteria (blue green algae) and often undesirable changes in species composition of e.g. fishes, birds, and planktonic organisms. To save the sea, further and continued action, especially in the agricultural sector and waste water treatment, would be necessary. In addition, cooperation with a broad range of stakeholders, including other policy areas and actors in non-EU Member States in the region and HELCOM, was to be promoted.

PA Nutri is coordinated by Finland and Poland.



  • Total nutrient reduction by putting in place the necessary measures by 2016 or jointly by 2020 at the latest as agreed in BSAP 2007 and revised by HELCOM in 2013.
  • Whole Baltic Sea is in a path to a full recovery to good environmental status by 2020 due to fully implemented measures and further decreased loads achieved.



  1. Managing nutrients more efficiently
  2. Improving waste water treatment
  3. Facilitate cross-sectoral policy-oriented dialogue
  4. Improve nutrient load data
  5. Cooperate with non-EU Member States
  6. Investigate cost-efficient nutrient reduction mechanisms